In the world and more particularly in Africa, Nelson Mandela is a figure of peace that everyone knows. Through his actions, he has inspired more than one current peace ambassador like Prem Rawat. Through his life, Nelson Mandela is even described as a hero for South Africans. It is indeed with people like him that the Pai was built, the peace that today tries to perpetuate his disciples like Prem Rawat.
Nelson Mandela: a voice for peace
Short biography of Nelson Mandela
Nelson Mandela was born on July 18, 1918, in the Union of South Africa. He is known to be a politician in charge of the struggle against apartheid, which leads him first to the peaceful struggle against oppression. Then following the massacre of demonstrators for the rights of the Blacks in Sharpeville in 1960, when the ANC or African National Congress to which Nelson Mandela belongs is prohibited, the clandestine struggle and the taking up of arms.
Sentenced to life imprisonment in 1964, he remained incarcerated for 27 years, but still as popular, was elected on April 27, 1994, to the presidency of his country only a few years after his release from prison. He then became the first black president of South Africa, for a single presidential term, until 1999. His whole existence revolved around the fight against racial segregation.
For this, he won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993. Towards the end of his life, he no longer participated in political life but turned to charitable associations. Nelson Mandela died on December 5, 2013, at the age of 95.
Nelson Mandela against Apartheid
Nelson Mandela founded the first black law firm in South Africa. He led nonviolent campaigns until the Sharpeville massacre in 1960. On this day of March 21, 1960, demonstrations were organized to protest against the port passport required. The drama occurs when the police opened fire. There were more than 60 dead.
The government having prohibited the ANC following the tragedy, Nelson Mandela decides to continue the fight underground and to take up arms. It sets up sabotage actions and a general strike in order to maintain the guerrillas. But in 1962, he was arrested and sentenced to life in prison in 1964. His 27 years of incarceration on Robben Island, then on Pollsmoor, never tarnished his popularity.
Nelson Mandela, President and Nobel Prize winner
Upon his release, Nelson Mandela became president of the ANC, then negotiated with Frederik De Klerk on the fate of the country. In order to honor Mandela and De Klerk's efforts to end apartheid, the two men were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993. Then they agreed on a multiracial government and the first presidential elections gave power to Nelson Mandela.
He became the first black president of South Africa on April 27, 1994. He then implemented a difficult policy of reconciliation before giving way to Thabo Mbeki, in 1999. After a single presidential mandate, Nelson Mandela retired from the political life. But he never stopped supporting the ANC.